Introduction. Ocimum gratissimum. Common Name: Oregano | Scientific Name: Origanum Vulgare. Basil leaves are glossy and oval-shaped, with smooth or slightly toothed edges that typically cup slightly; the leaves are arranged oppositely along the square stems. It is native to tropical regions extending from Southeast Asia to central Africa. The essential oil content is 0.1 percent, the principal components of which are methyl chavicol and d-linalool. The leaves are used fresh or dried to flavour meats, fish, salads, and sauces; basil tea is a stimulant. Names. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. CABI is a registered EU trademark. Other common names: Field Basil Other scientific names: Satureja vulgaris, Calamintha clinopodium French names: Sarriette commune Family: Mint Family (Lamiaceae) Flowers: Summer; Blue/Violet; Irregular flowers Habitat: Forests Grows in Sun/Shade: Shade Books: Newcomb's Wildflower Guide: 80 Native/Non-native: Native Origin and Meaning of Names: Family Name: Labiatae. Solasi is a common name shared by (1) Luminitzera racemosa Kulasi, (2) Ocimum basilicum, solasi, and phonetically with (3) Ocimum sanctum, sulasi. Basil, (Ocimum basilicum), also called sweet basil, annual herb of the mint family (Lamiaceae), grown for its aromatic leaves. Honokanaia, Kahoolawe, Hawaii. December 2010. As a fresh or dried market herb, the main type traded includes thelarge leaf highly aromatic French or Italia… The common name of this plant in Spanish is albahaca. Local names, with their pronunciation in parentheses, are based on the authors’ experience and are not necessarily the official local names. Lemon basil is a hybrid between basil (Ocimum basilicum) and African basil (Ocimum americanum). Oregano is one of the many members of the mint family, used for both cuisine and health. In Croatian, Czech, Dutch, Finnish, and German, turmeric is called kurkuma. What is sometimes called "French parsley" is in fact a different species, Anthriscus cerefolium aka "common chervil". Basil is susceptible to Fusarium wilt, blight, and downy mildew, especially when grown in humid conditions. Corrections? Solasi is a common name shared by (1) Luminitzera racemosa, Kulasi, and (2) Ocimum basilicum, solasi, and and phonetically with (3) Ocimum sanctum, sulasi. As usual with plants, the only valid reference is the scientific (Latin) name. Ocimum thyrsiflorum L. Plectranthus barrelieri (Roth) Spreng. Ocimus organized the combats staged in honor of Pallas who ruled Paralia or Diacria and had 50 sons. And, in some cases, cuisine and health. The scientific name of the basil commonly purchased for cooking is Ocimum basilicum (abbreviated O. basilicum). The dried leaves of the common basil are less fragrant and more pungent in flavour. Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. There is no such thing as "French flat leaf parsley". The second half of the scientifi… Scientific name of Cinnamon Basil and Applemint is the name accepted by scientists worldwide. Navigate parenthood with the help of the Raising Curious Learners podcast. Rank ... Ocimum L. – basil Species: Ocimum basilicum L. – sweet basil Subordinate Taxa. It has a strong lemon scent. Here’s what you’ll learn for each leaf: Common Leaf Names. Reference taxon from WCSP in Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Ocimum basilicum. In either case, that delictable sweet herb is called basil. This plant has no children Legal Status. Omissions? 21 November 2019. basil. Basil belongs to the genus Ocimum, derived from the Greek ozo which means to smell, in reference to the strong odors of the species within the genus.1 In French, it is frequently given the name “Herbe Royale,” revealing the positive light in which it is viewed.2 The etymology of basil is unclear, however several potential sources are plausible. But chervil also exists in a 'curled' variety. Scientific Name: Ocimum basilicum. It is said that when Ocimus was killed by a gladiator, basil appeared. Thyme, French Scientific Name: Thymus vulgaris Common Name: French Thyme Other Common Names: Common Thyme, Du Thym, Echte Tijm, English Thyme, French Thyme, Garden Thyme, Kekik, Pile, Summer Thyme, Tati-Zyako-So, Thym Grandes Feuilles, Thyme, Tomillo, Winter Thyme, Zombi Nan Bois Plant Type: Perennial Where To Plant: Full Sun to Partly Shady Soil Types: Average Well, being that scorpions take a liking to basil, and the basilisk was scorpion like, the plant was called basil. Datasheet Type (s) Host Plant. Cinnamon Basil and Applemint common names in Hindi, in French, in German is different. Updates? Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need. Basil apparently cross-pollinates easily – one scientific paper referred to it as “promiscuous.” Some of the species and cultivar names are being used interchangeably and I suspect more than a few sites are providing inaccurate information. The small flowers are borne in terminal clusters and range in colour from white to magenta. Monk's basil (Engl.) Greek mythology explains the origin of a portion of basil’s scientific name. Basil plants can have green leaves, purple leaves and even red leaves. Learn how to grow oregano and its health benefits . Taxonomic Tree. Basil history spans over 4,000 years back to the first written accounts mention it was grown in Egypt, possibly for use in embalming. Lemon basil is grown in northeastern Africa and southern Asia. (Ocymum basilicum, Linn.) Balanoy and solasi are shared common names, of two varieties of basil: ocimum basilicum (sweet basil) and ocimum sanctum (holy basil), the latter not used in cooking. Thai basil (O. basilicum var. Basil: While basil is a ... Calendula: When Marigold just won’t do, try its scientific name. Common Name Scientific Name Family Name Type ; Ageratum: Ageratum houstonianum : Asteraceae : Annual Italian Large Leaf basil tastes and smells sweet, and imparts notes of anise or cinnamon. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. They are as follows: It is derived from "basileus" (Greek: βασιλεύς), a Greek word of pre-Hellenic origin meaning "king", from which words such as basilica and basilisk (via Latin) as well as the eponymous herb basil (via Old French) derive, and the name of the Italian region Basilicata, which had been long under the rule of the Byzantine Emperor (also called basileus). Ocimum basilicum(St. Josephwort, Common Basil, Sweet Basil, Spanish: Albahaca, Albahacar/Alboharcar, Albácar; Maya: Kha-kal-tun) © Copyright 2020 CAB International. Red basil (Engl.) Basil is likely native to India and is widely grown as a kitchen herb. It was considered to be a royal herb, creating a smell that was fit for the home of a king. But common name of Cinnamon Basil and Applemint varies in different languages. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Chrysodeixis eriosoma (green looper caterpillar), Peronospora belbahrii (basil downy mildew), Sclerotinia sclerotiorum (cottony soft rot), Thanatephorus cucumeris (many names, depending on host), Tomato spotted wilt virus (tomato spotted wilt), Alfalfa mosaic virus (alfalfa yellow spot), Aphelenchoides ritzemabosi (Chrysanthemum foliar eelworm), Belonolaimus longicaudatus (sting nematode), Broad bean wilt virus (lamium mild mosaic), Candidatus Phytoplasma asteris (yellow disease phytoplasmas), Cochliobolus lunatus (head mould of grasses, rice and sorghum), Orobanche aegyptiaca (Egyptian broomrape), Otiorhynchus armadillo (armadillo weevil), Phenacoccus madeirensis (Madeira mealybug), Pseudomonas cichorii (bacterial blight of endive), Pseudomonas viridiflava (bacterial leaf blight of tomato), Alternaria alternata (alternaria leaf spot), Sclerotinia minor (sclerotinia disease of lettuce). Sacred basil (Engl.) The name Basil (royal, kingly) comes from the male Greek name Vassilios (Greek: Βασίλειος, female version Bασιλική), which first appeared during the Hellenistic period. … Just … A number of varieties are used in commerce, including the small-leaf common basil, the larger leaf Italian basil, and the large lettuce-leaf basil. The genus is the bigger grouping; to get more specific in identifying a plant within a genus, we refer to its specific epithet. In Spanish, French, and Italian, the spice is also called Curcuma. Its scientific name is Origanum vulgare, and to the ancient Greeks, where it gets its name from the Greek words oros (mountain) and ganos (joy). This article was most recently revised and updated by, basil - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), basil - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). and scientific names of fruits and vegetables grown on Guam. Hort Corner; Just for Kids; Home & Money; Schools Online; Nutrition & Health; All About 4-H; Parenting & Seniors; Env. Preferred Scientific Name. Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide. Also known as ‘great basil’ and ‘Saint Joseph’s wort’, basil is one of the most popular and widely consumed culinary herbs. Ocimum basilicum (basil); flowering habit, with a Monarch butterfly present (Danaus plexippus). thyrsiflora) and the related holy basil (O. tenuiflorum) and lemon basil (O. ×citriodorum) are common in Asian cuisine. Scientific Name; OCAM2: Ocimum americanum L. Classification. In Belarusian, Bulgarian and Macedonian, it is called куркума, in Bosnian, it is kurkuma, in Catalan, it goes closer to scientific name and is called Curcuma. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. A number of synonyms have appeared in its taxonomic history: Allium cepa var. It was placed around the home or on the floor to purify … Queen of herbs (Engl.) Urban Programs Resource Network. Basil is cultivated for the freshmarket as a culinary herb, as a condiment orspice in the dried/frozen leaf form, and as a source of aromatic essential oilfor use in foods, flavors, and fragrances and as a potted herb and beddingplant. Reference taxon from WCSP in Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. The plant is extremely frost-sensitive and grows best in warm climates. The leaves are used fresh or dried to flavour meats, fish, salads, and sauces; basil tea is a stimulant. Johnny's offers classic Italian Large Leaf varieties as well as more modern and uniform, Fusarium-resistant varieties. Ocimum basilicum. Basil , also called great basil, is a culinary herb of the family Lamiaceae (mints). In fact, at the heart of this way of assigning scientific names to plants is a simple two-word formula, whereby the first word is the genus name and the second one the species name or "specific epithet." Basil is also known as Witches Herb. Scientific name is the name conforming to the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (ICN). Basil is an annual herb that has an anise-like flavor and a very intense clove-like aroma. In Danish, turmeric is called gurkemeje. Be aware, however, notice is given that botanical (scientific) names of plants change periodically as taxonomic work refines plant groupings. The dried large-leaf varieties have a fragrant aroma faintly reminiscent of anise and a warm, sweet, aromatic, mildly pungent flavour. Preferred Common Name. Wetland Status. It is used as a herb in cooking. Another theory is that basil got its name from basileus, or king, as basil was the king of herbs. aggregatum – G. Don; Allium cepa var. There are many different varieties of O. basilicum, including : We’ve put together a presentation of 76 real images of leaves with their common names, scientific names, plant families, venation systems, and common uses. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Basil is likely native to India and is widely grown as a kitchen herb. Basil, (Ocimum basilicum), also called sweet basil, annual herb of the mint family (Lamiaceae), grown for its aromatic leaves. The name comes from the Greek word “basilikon” which means king. The main purpose of having a scientific name is to have a same name accepted and used worldwide. The scientific name of Basil is the botanical name or formal name. Calendula has been used for centuries in medicine and dyes, not just in our gardens. Domain: Eukaryota. An annual herb; cultivated extensively in France, Egypt, Hungary, Indonesia, Morocco, and the United States (Arizona, California, New Mexico, NorthCarolina), Greece and Israel. The onion plant (Allium cepa), also known as the bulb onion or common onion, is the most widely cultivated species of the genus Allium.It was first officially described by Carl Linnaeus in his 1753 work Species Plantarum. ... Vernon: Originally from the Gaulish vern, meaning “alder,” Vernon became a French place name, a Norman surname, and ultimately a given name. Italian Large Leaf basil is known for strong yields of large, pointed and wrinkled leaves that are more durable than those of other types. Stewardship Back to the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and ;. Americanum ) especially when grown in humid conditions... Ocimum L. – basil! Over 4,000 years back to the first written accounts mention it was considered to a... 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