[15] It has the second longest coastline in India after Gujarat, of about 974 km (605 mi). The state is home to various religious pilgrim destinations such as, Tirumala Temple, Simhachalam Temple, Annavaram, Srisailam temple, Kanaka Durga Temple, Amaravati, Srikalahasti, Shahi jamia masjid in Adoni, Gunadala Church in Vijayawada, Buddhist centres at Amaravati, and Nagarjuna Konda.[168]. [200] As per the University Grants Commission, [75] The plains to the east of Eastern Ghats form the Eastern coastal plains. [90], Urdu is the largest minority language. After this rebellion, the Bahmani sultans launched no further military campaigns outside their kingdoms, because the Maratha empire soon emerged as the strongest power in India. 496,453,556. The coastal plains are for the most part of delta regions formed by the Godavari, Krishna, and Penner Rivers. "[99] The Prajñāpāramitā Sutras belong to the earliest Mahayana Sutras.[100][101]. [202] Andhra University is the oldest of the universities in the state, established in 1926. 1,028,610,328. However, post bifurcation from Telangana, the state is expected to reach 91.1% by 2021. [212], The Sports Authority of Andhra Pradesh is the governing body which looks after the infrastructure development in cricket, field hockey, association football, Skating, Olympic weightlifting, chess, water sports, tennis, badminton, table tennis, cycling, etc.[213]. [51][52], Kakatiyas ruled Andhra Pradesh state for nearly two hundred years and constructed several forts. Minerals found in the state include limestone, reserves of oil and natural gas, manganese, asbestos, iron ore, ball clay, fire clay, gold diamonds, graphite, dolomite, quartz, tungsten, steatitic, feldspar, silica sand. Gangavaram Port is a deep seaport which can accommodate ocean liners up to 200,000–250,000 DWT. Religious population in Andhra pradesh. He said largescale conversions by stealth are taking place in Andhra Pradesh. Later the Communist Party of India (CPI) became the dominant opposition party. The remaining 0.43% of the population practices other religions or no religion. [73] Number of petitions questioning the validity of Andhra Pradesh Reorganisation Act, 2014 is long pending for the verdict since April 2014 before the supreme court constitutional bench.[74]. The Marathi-speaking areas of Hyderabad State merged with Bombay State and the Kannada-speaking areas were merged with Mysore State. After the unification with Telangana, Neelam Sanjiva Reddy became the first chief minister. [130] During 2016, nearly 3.8 trillion m3 (134 trillion cu ft) of methane hydrate deposits were explored in KG basin whose extraction was adequate to impart energy security for many decades to India. Population. Thus Naidu held the record for the longest-serving chief minister (1995 to 2004).[108]. Prolaya Vema Reddi was part of the confederation of states that started a movement against the invading Turkic Muslim armies of the Delhi Sultanate. 90.87%. Andhra Pradesh Tourism Development Corporation (APTDC) is a state government agency which promotes tourism in Andhra Pradesh, describing the state as the Koh-i-Noor of India. The state has a total road network of 53,403 km (33,183 mi), of which 6,401 km (3,977 mi) of National highways, 14,722 km (9,148 mi) of state highways and 32,280 km (20,060 mi) of district roads. This broke the long-time single party monopoly enjoyed by the INC. 60 percent of the population is engaged in agriculture and related activities. All Religious Communities. The geographical location of the state allows marine fishing as well as inland fish production. The word 'Shia' means followers and is used in the Quran by God. The total population constitute, 70.4% of rural population with 34,776,389 inhabitants and 29.6% of urban population with 14,610,410 inhabitants. East Godavari district has the highest number of constituencies with 19 and Vizianagaram district has the least with 9 assembly seats. Languages of Andhra Pradesh, excluding Telangana (2011)[87], Telugu is the official language of Andhra Pradesh, which is also the mother tongue of nearly 90% of the population. Telangana and Andhra Pradesh share the capital city of. [211] It is India's primary orbital launch site. Amaravati might have been a regional centre for the Mauryan rule. The estuaries of the Godavari and Krishna Rivers support rich mangrove forests with fishing cats and otters as keystone species.[79]. The highways in the state are also being widened. Between 2001 and 2011, the population of Andhra Pradesh grew by 10.98% and grew 13.9% between 1991 and 2001. After Potti Sreeramulu's death, the Telugu-speaking area of Andhra State was carved out of Madras State on 1 October 1953, with Kurnool as its capital city. While Hyderabad is the capital of the state of Telangana and Andhra Pradesh(1956-2014); however, distinctions can be drawn between the indigenous Muslim culture there and throughout the rest of the state. [d] Chittoor district has the most mandals with 66 and Vizianagaram has the least with 34.[105]. Naval Science & Technological Laboratory (NSTL), National Institute of Oceanography, Visakhapatnam (NIO), School of Planning and Architecture at Vijayawada is an autonomous research institute under Ministry of Human Resource Development of Government of India, National Atmospheric Research Laboratory carry out fundamental and applied research in atmospheric and space sciences,[205] Indian Institute of Science Education and Research, Tirupati,[206] Society for Applied Microwave Electronics Engineering and Research, Visakhapatnam Central Tobacco Research Institute, Rajahmundry under control of ICAR (Indian Council of Agriculture Research) conducts fundamental and applied research on tobacco for the benefit of the farming community,[207] Indian Institute of Oil Palm Research (IIOPR) at Pedavegi near Eluru in West Godavari district serves as a centre for conducting and co-ordinating research on all aspects of oil palm conservation, improvement, production, protection, post-harvest technology and transfer of technology,[208] CCRH Regional Research Institute at Gudivada, Clinical Research Institute at Tirupati and National Institute of Oceanography[209] at Visakhapatnam are some of them. [171], Andhra Pradesh[172] has a total broad gauge railway route of 3,703.25 km (2,301.09 mi) and has no metre gauge railway. [70] On the basis of the gentlemen's agreement of 1 November 1956, the States Reorganisation Act formed combined Andhra Pradesh by merging Andhra State with the Telugu-speaking areas of the already existing Hyderabad State. [111] Whereas, the legislative council of the state has 58 seats, which is one-third of total assembly seats.[112]. In any case, Post bifurcation from Telangana, it is relied upon to achieve 91% by the year 2021. [131], The state is a pioneer nationwide in solar power generation. They constructed Kondaveedu Fort[citation needed], which they ruled between 1328 and 1428, before it was taken over by the Gajpathis of Orissa, and later ravaged by the Muslim rulers of the Bahmani kingdom in 1458. [132] The state has become power surplus with excess power generation being exported to other states. [26][clarification needed] The region also derives its name from Satavahanas who are also known as Andhras, the earliest kings of Andhra Pradesh and India. The most exported marine exports include Vannamei shrimp[123] and are expected to cross billion in 2013–2014.[124]. [136], Andhra Pradesh has rich culture and heritage. Whereas there is an explosion in the number of Churches/Evangelical activity across the state. [6], There are 24,738,068 male and 24,648,731 female citizens—a sex ratio of 996 females per 1000 males, higher than the national average of 926 per 1000. Now, here is the Distribution of Andhra Pradesh Caste-Wise Population. [42] Archaeological evidence from places such as Amaravati, Dharanikota, and Vaddamanu suggests that the Andhra region was part of the Mauryan Empire. It is bounded by the Indian states of Tamil Nadu to the south, Karnataka to the southwest and west, Telangana to the northwest and north, and Odisha to the northeast. Ahle Tashayyu means "people of Shia." 3.4 /5 View 14+ … The population of all cities and towns in the State of Andhra Pradesh by census years. [16] Andhra Pradesh is the first state to be formed on a linguistic basis in India on 1 October 1953. The development of IT in Tier-II and Tier-III cities like Vijayawada, Kakinada and Tirupati is also improving. In 2004, Congress returned to power with a new chief ministerial face, YS Rajashekara Reddy, better known as YSR. As per census 2011, Hindu are majority in Andhra Pradesh state. Hyderabad will remain as a joint capital for not exceeding ten years. In the coastal plain, the summer temperatures are generally higher than the rest of the state, with temperature ranging between 20 and 41 °C (68 and 106 °F). Signed 'W.R. The sex ratio is 996 females per 1000 males, higher than the national average. [139], Machilipatnam and Srikalahasti Kalamkari are the two unique textile art forms practised in India. The range of winter temperature is generally 12 to 30 °C (54 to 86 °F). Amaravati (Andhra Pradesh) [India], October 20 (ANI): The crime rate in Andhra Pradesh in 2019 per 1 lakh population was lower than the national average, said DGP Gautam Sawang on Tuesday. Andhra Pradesh hosted 121.8 million visitors in 2015, a 30% growth in tourist arrivals over the previous year, making it the third most-visited state in India. Rice is the major food crop and staple food of the state. The Big Nandi Bull (of Lord Shiva) located in Lepakashi is one of the main religious attraction point of Andhra. [72] The new state of Telangana came into existence on 2 June 2014 after approval from the President of India. [29] The state has a total of thirteen districts, nine located in Coastal Andhra and four in Rayalaseema. [173] The rail density of the state is 16.59 per 1,000 km (620 mi), compared to an all India average of 20. Crops used for vegetable oil production such as sunflower and peanuts are popular. [210], Satish Dhawan Space Centre, also known as Sriharikota Range (SHAR), at barrier island of Sriharikota in Nellore district of Andhra Pradesh is a satellite launching station operated by Indian Space Research Organisation. Andhra Pradesh ranks tenth of all Indian States in the Human Development Index scores[85] with a score of 0.416. [135], Thermal (natural gas and coal based) and renewable power plants totaling to 21,000 MW were installed in the state by the year 2015. [8] Andhra Pradesh ranks 27th among Indian states in Human Development Index (HDI). 827,578,868. Additionally, 8.87% speak Urdu, 3.69% speak Hindi, 1.01% speak Tamil, and the remaining 2.88% speak other languages. [9] Andhra Pradesh has a jurisdiction over almost 15,000 square kilometres (5,800 sq mi) of territorial waters.[6][31]. The Ghats become more pronounced towards the south and extreme north of the coast. He was replaced by Janardhan Reddy in 1990, who was replaced by Kotla Vijaya Bhaskara Reddy in 1992. The Qutb Shahi dynasty held sway over the Andhra country for about two hundred years from the early part of the sixteenth century to the end of the seventeenth century.[67]. [46] Pallavas, who were originally executive officers under the Satavahana kings, were not a recognised political power before the 2nd century CE and were swept away by the Western Chalukyan invasion, led by Pulakesin II in the first quarter of the 7th century CE. [128] For the benefit of state i.e., after separating Telangana from Andhra, people of Andhra protested for special status during January in 2017, Andhra Pradesh is one of the storehouses of mineral resources in India. [49] The Eastern Chalukyas of Vengi, whose dynasty lasted for around five hundred years from the 7th century until 1130 CE, eventually merged with the Chola Empire. [134] PHES projects also has synergy with the lift irrigation projects in storing water available during the monsoon season and supplying to the uplands throughout the year. The population density is about 16,939 people per square kilometer. 3,943,323. [54][55][56] Efforts are in progress to classify Kondaveedu Fort as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. After the death of Emperor Ashoka, Mauryan rule weakened around 200 BCE and was replaced by several smaller kingdoms in the Andhra region. The Telugu Desam Party won both the assembly and Lok Sabha election in 1999 under the leadership of Chandrababu Naidu. Karnam Malleswari, the first female Indian to win an Olympic medal, hails from Srikakulam district of Andhra Pradesh. GITAM, K L University and Vignan University are the Deemed Universities in the state. [88][89] The Minister of Tourism and Culture has declared Telugu a Classical Language. District wise population of Andhra Pradesh. The Krishna River valley was "a site of extraordinary Buddhist activity for almost a thousand years. It is bounded by the Indian states of Tamil Nadu to the south, Karnataka to the southwest and west, Telangana to the northwest and north, and Odisha to the northeast. The state's natural attractions include the beaches of Visakhapatnam, hill stations such as the Araku Valley and Horsley Hills, and the delta of Konaseema in the Godavari River delta. The total area of Andhra Pradesh is 275045 sq.km with population density of 308 per sq.km. [196], Higher education in the state is administered by the Department of Higher Education. The coast of the state extends along the Bay of Bengal from Srikakulam to Nellore district. For other uses, see, Largest cities or towns in Andhra Pradesh, Amaravati currently serves as the seat of government where, Guntur mandal was divided into Guntur East and Guntur West, harvnb error: no target: CITEREFStein1989 (, 20th Century Telugu Luminaries, Potti Sriramulu Telugu University, Hyderabad, 2005, Natural vegetation and Wildlife of Andhra Pradesh, Telineelapuram and Telukunchi Bird Sanctuaries, List of Revenue Divisions in Andhra Pradesh, Sri Damodaram Sanjeevaiah Thermal Power Station, Dharmavaram Handloom Pattu Sarees and Paavadas, Andhra Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation, Indian Institute of Science Education and Research, Tirupati, Dr. Y. S. Rajasekhara Reddy ACA–VDCA Cricket Stadium, Andhra Pradesh Decentralisation and Inclusive Development of All Regions Act, 2020, "Government to resume Andhra Pradesh Formation Day celebration on November 1", "Andhra Governor gives nod to CM Jagan Mohan Reddy's three-capital plan", "Andhra Pradesh HC Restrains Govt From Shifting Offices out of Amaravati", "Anusuiya Uikey appointed Chhattisgarh Governor, Biswa Bhusan Harichandan is new Governor of Andhra Pradesh", "Veteran BJP leader Biswa Bhusan Harichandan appointed as Governor of Andhra Pradesh", Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation, "Andhra Pradesh gets new state bird, state flower", "Andhra Pradesh | History, Capital, Population, Map, & Points of Interest", https://web.archive.org/web/20160921045613/http://mha1.nic.in/par2013/par2013-pdfs/ls-300413/498.pdf, "The Indian Express - Google News Archive Search", "Most Crucial facts about Andhra Pradesh (The Rice Bowl of India)", "YS Jaganmohan Reddy's three-capital plan on track as Andhra Pradesh governor gives nod to two bills", "On the edge of empire: form and substance in the Satavahana dynasty", "Struggle for Andhra State – AP State Portal", "A State that must fulfil a higher purpose", "About Eastern Chalukyas – Official AP State Government Portal – AP State Portal", "Imperial Gazetteer of India, v. 15 1931". According to the 2011 census, the major religious groups in the state are Hindus (90.87%), Muslims (7.32%) and Christians (1.38%). In the fiscal year 2012–2013, Vijayawada's IT/ITeS revenues were ₹1,153 million (US$16 million). He was succeeded by two other Congressmen, the last resigning over the impending division of Telangana. Andhra Pradesh is 5th most illiterate state of … Telugu is the third most spoken language after Hindi and Bengali in India. The 1989 elections ended the rule of Rao, with the INC returning to power with Marri Chenna Reddy at the helm. The total number of Christians in Andhra Pradesh was about 6.8 lakhs according to the census. [22][23], Early inhabitants were known as the Andhras, tracing their history to the Vedic period when they were mentioned in the 8th century BCE Rigvedic text Aitareya Brahmana. It also forms part of AH 45 which comes under the Asian Highway Network. Notable cricketers from Andhra Pradesh include former Indian captain Mohammad Azharuddin, Maharajkumar of Vizianagram, M. V. Narasimha Rao, M. S. K. Prasad, V. V. S. Laxman, Tirumalasetti Suman, Arshad Ayub, Ambati Rayudu, Venkatapathy Raju, Sravanthi Naidu, Yalaka Venugopal Rao and Hanuma Vihari. Andhra Pradesh and Telangana are the principal resident states for Telugu people. Telugu Christians or Telugu Kraistava are an ethno-religious community who form the second largest religious minority in the Indian states of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana. He is a speedsolver and Unicyclist. Sakshi, Andhra Jyothi, and Tel.J.D.Patrika Vaartha all these are Telugu newspapers. Thus the final population of Andhra Pradesh in the year 2014, as per census 2011 is 49,634,314, with a density of 304.5/km2 (789/sq mi). 428,678,554. It is one of 50 Mandals of Krishna district. India became independent from the United Kingdom in 1947. Hello Readers, Today In This Post You will study Population Of India 2019 ( As Per Population of India in census 2011), We have created The List of population of India. In 1947, Vizianagaram was the largest Hindu princely state in Andhra Pradesh. [155] C. Pullaiah is cited as the father of Telugu theatre movement. “The government is spending the public exchequer on promoting Christianity and spread of the religion in the state which is violative of the spirit of the Constitution. [186][187], Andhra Pradesh has an overall literacy rate of 67.41% as per the 2011 Indian census. [12] It is the seventh-largest state by area covering an area of 162,975 km2 (62,925 sq mi)[6] and tenth-most populous state with 49,386,799 inhabitants. Religion. Population. The Vijayanagara emperor Krishnadevaraya captured it in 1516. [195] The mediums of instruction are primarily Telugu and English with a very few opting for Urdu, Hindi, Kannada, Odia and Tamil. Andhra Pradesh is investing in building infrastructure in the state such as highways and making every service of the government digital. There are many multi-state irrigation projects under development, including Godavari River Basin Irrigation Projects and Nagarjuna Sagar Dam. [153] Rangasthalam is an Indian theatre in the Telugu language, based predominantly in Andhra Pradesh. Yulia Egorova and Shahid … District wise population of Andhra Pradesh. This book casts a new theoretical light on this question by exploring the Bene Ephraim community of Madiga Dalits from rural Andhra Pradesh, India, who at the end of the twentieth century declared their affiliation to the Lost Tribes of Israel. [174] The Howrah–Chennai main line which runs through the state is proposed to be upgraded into a high-speed rail corridor through the Diamond Quadrilateral project of the Indian Railways.[175][176]. State Wise Population of India.Population of India By Religion.This Post Will Share Comparison Of Population Of India 2017 and Population Of India 2018 and Population … India. [87] Tamil, Kannada and Odia are spoken in border-areas. The state’s film industry holds the Guinness. Mining is identified as one of the growth engines for the overall development of industry and infrastructure. The Rayalaseema region has semi-arid conditions. [151] Harikathaa Kalakshepam (or Harikatha) involves the narration of a story, intermingled with various songs relating to the story. [143] Etikoppaka in Visakhapatnam district is notable for its lac industry, producing lacquered wooden.[144][145]. The Nizams retained control of the interior provinces as the princely state of Hyderabad, acknowledging British rule in return for local autonomy. In 1994, Andhra Pradesh gave a mandate to the Telugu Desam Party again, and Rao became the chief minister again. [194] More than 600,000 students have appeared for the 2019 SSC exam and recorded an overall pass percentage of 94.88% with a 100% pass percentage in 5,464 schools. [32] The Tirumala Venkateswara Temple in Tirupati is one of the world's most visited religious sites, with 18.25 million visitors per year. After Telangana became a separate state, Naidu, the chief of the TDP became chief minister on 8 June 2014, for the new state of Andhra Pradesh. The state is also emerging in information technology and biotechnology. Atapaka Bird Sanctuary, Nelapattu Bird Sanctuary, Telineelapuram and Telukunchi Bird Sanctuaries and Pulicat Lake Bird Sanctuary attract many migratory birds. Hydel power plants have a capacity of 1671 MW. [149][150], Many composers of Carnatic music like Annamacharya, Kshetrayya, and Bhadrachala Ramadas were of Telugu descent. Cherukuri Lenin (1985 or 1986 – 24 October 2010) was an Indian archer and coach who won a silver medal at the Asian Grand Prix in Malaysia and was a national archery coach. It has a total of 13 districts, six in Coastal Andhra Region, three in Uttarandhra and four in the Rayalaseema Region. "[95], The region played a central role in the development of Mahayana Buddhism, along with the Magadha-area in northeastern India. The Temple is dedicated to Lord Sri Venkateswara, an incarnation of Vishnu, who is believed to have appeared here to … Religion. Andhra Pradesh, Indian state located in the southeastern part of the subcontinent. The state has many sanctuaries, national parks and zoological parks, such as Coringa, Krishna Wildlife Sanctuary, Nagarjunsagar-Srisailam Tiger Reserve, Kambalakonda Wildlife Sanctuary, Sri Venkateswara Zoological Park and Indira Gandhi Zoological Park. 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Plants have a capacity of 1671 MW merged with Mysore state 175 assembly constituencies in the coastal. Hosts international as well as in absolute numbers as 7 revenue divisions are in turn divided into 50 divisions... Exported marine exports include Vannamei shrimp [ 123 ] and are expected to cross billion in 2013–2014. 106. Janardhan Reddy in 1990, who was replaced by Kotla Vijaya Bhaskara Reddy in 1992 more pronounced the!